President Muhammadu Buhari on Tuesday highlighted the roles required of UN member states in order to stop violent extremism and the threat posed by terror groups in Middle East and Africa.
Speaking on a panel on Countering ISIL and Violent Extremism chaired by United States’ President, Barrack Obama, at the 70th United Nations General Assembly, President Buhari noted that “the international community will be required to disrupt illicit financial flows from nations with weak anti- theft structures to other parts of the world” adding that “where such funds are identified, the victim states should be helped to recover them expeditiously”.
He noted that Boko Haram regained strength after it declared its allegiance to the Islamic State, adding that the group’s recruitment has expanded to the Sahel region and encouraging activities of Boko Haram.
President Muhammadu Buhari reminded UN member states that “groups like al-Qaeda and ISIL express their anger when people feel that injustice and corruption leaves them with no choice of improving their lives
President Muhammadu Buhari said military action alone could never be enough to end the menace of terrorism and extremism currently eating deep into global polity
He said “We need to take military action combined with effective border security, intelligence collection and sharing, and vigorous policing action.
“These alone may not suffice, but they can certainly stem the tide and reverse the process of recruitment, movement and effective operation of foreign terrorist fighters and their associated radical extremists.
“In order to put in place the critical components of an effective approach to countering ISIL and eventually defeating it, we must address the threat from the source.
“We must find a way to prevent young people from turning to terror in the first place. And the young people that turn to violent extremism do not exist in a vacuum – they are often part of communities and families and are lured into the fold of barbaric and nihilistic organisations, somehow, through a misguided appeal to their worst fears, expectations and apparent frustrations.
“While addressing the causes of this attraction and how to deal with them, we should pay close attention to other manifest factors that may not be tangible but can be crucial.
“Good governance, which entails transparency, accountability and the rule of law, remains the basis on which we should kick-start the process of ridding the world of the menace of terrorism and violent extremism.
“The international community will be required to work together to deter and disrupt illicit financial flows from nations with weak anti-theft structures to other parts of the world.”
He said while Nigeria noted the efforts being made by the UN and the international community to tackle ISIL, a lot more needed to be done.
He also reminded UN Member states that there is an urgent need to “address local social grievances by formulating policies that ensure growth-based transformation through job creation, equalization of opportunities and expansive access to social services.
Nigeria’s president also insisted that all options must be explored and all hands must be on deck in the quest for a durable and a lasting panacea to the threat posed by ISIL, al-Qaeda, Boko Haram and the likes.
He further maintained that good governance, accountability, transparency and the rule of law remains the basis to kick-start the process of ridding the world of the menace of terrorism and violent extremism.
He added that African leaders also needed to rededicate themselves to uphold the mandate of the African Union’s Peer Review Mechanism and other good governance initiatives that they had adopted in the region, to encourage conformity with political, economic and corporate governance values.